|When is IMC relevant?|
|What are the different areas of IMC?|
|What are the benefits of IMC?|
|How many municipal functions can be performed under IMC?|
|How many municipalities can be involved in IMC?|
|What are the different possible legislative contexts for IMC?|
|What are the most common legal forms of IMC in Western Europe?|
|How is IMC financed?|
|What are the potential negative side effects of IMC?|
The legal forms taken by IMC in different countries depend on their specific national legislation. Legislation varies widely between and also within countries. In some countries, IMC is legally allowed but not regulated, in which case the legal framework for IMC is private law (Box 2, which outlines the different possible legislative contexts IMC). Other countries such as France, Spain and Portugal have developed a specific legislative framework for IMC that shapes its forms. In federal states such as Germany and Switzerland, each land or canton respectively has its own legislation, which impacts on the forms of IMC. However, in all countries where IMC is regulated, it can also take place under private law, and it is up to the municipalities to decide under which legal framework to establish it.
Box 2: Different possible legislative contexts for IMC
Box 3 provides an illustration of the Italian public law IMC legal forms as envisaged in the 1999 Local Government Act.
Box 3: The Italian public law IMC legal forms
| The IMC legal forms regulated by the 1999 Local Government Act include: