|The need for IMC in Central and Eastern Europe|
|Obstacles to IMC in Central and Eastern Europe|
|The need for a national policy to promote IMC|
|Financial incentives for IMC|
|Capacity building and expert assistance|
|Information and knowledge management|
The municipalities that have never implemented IMC would surely benefit from capacity building to raise their awareness on the benefits of IMC, what they can do together and how they can do it. The evidence from Western Europe does not reveal large-scale formal training in IMC (although in France, universities do have modules in IMC). The methods of capacity building that seem to prevail are seminars, workshops and meetings.
In the West European context where IMC is and has been common practice for many decades, there is a widely available and easily accessible critical mass of information and knowledge about IMC that precludes the need for formal training. However, in CEE, IMC is completely new and there is almost no national experience to draw from. This is why formal training, including one that informs about the international and Western European experience as well as IMC practices in the region, is considered important, together with other methods of capacity building such as seminars and workshops.
Unlike formal training, expert assistance is widely used in Western Europe to support the identification of IMC possibilities and its establishment. The Italian regions, for instance, have permanent staff who provide expert assistance in IMC. The possible areas of expert support include:
Expert assistance would clearly be highly relevant in the context of CEE.